EU Biofuels Mandates

EU Biofuels Mandates

Sustainable biofuels such as biodiesel serve as a renewable alternative to fossil fuels in the EU’s transport sector, helping to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and improve the EU’s energy independence.

The current Renewable Energy Directive (RED II) mandates a minimum share of renewable energy in the EU transport sector of at least 14%, including a minimum share of 3.5% of advanced biofuels, which can be double counted.

The RED II also defines a series of sustainability and GHG emission criteria that bioliquids used in transport must comply with to be counted towards the overall 14% target. Default GHG emission values and calculation rules are provided in Annex V (for liquid biofuels) and Annex VI (for solid and gaseous biomass for power and heat production) of the RED II.

To achieve these targets, EU Member States have adopted minimum biofuel use mandates. The table below provides a detailed overview of biofuel obligations currently in force (March 2023) in all EU Member States. Click here to download the full table.


[1] max at 0.95
[2] advanced and waste-based biofuels
[3] advanced raw material IX.A, to biofuels raw material IX.B and to advanced biomethane and bioLPG
[4] Annex IX part A
[5] 1.2 in bioethanol, 0.4 in biodiesel
[6] for cellulosic biofuels and waste biofuels produced from the feedstocks listed in Annex IX
[7] Annex IX-B biofuels capped at 4% after double-counting
[8] RON 95 petrol
[9] biofuels derived from feedstocks listed in Annex 2 of the Government Decree No. 821/2021
[10] UCO, Cat 1 Tallow, Spent Bleached Earth (SBE), Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME), Whey Permeate
[11] Dutch Law provides the possibility of double-counting biofuels from waste and residues
[12] wastes, residues, nonfood cellulosic material, lingo-cellulosic material
[13] 30.5 for biodiesel, 7.8 for bioethanol